Printer-friendly version


Browse the glossary using this index

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O
P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Page: (Previous)   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  ...  213  (Next)

A

:
see conditioned suppression.
:
Anxiety is a descriptive term which refers to the changes in a performance produced by an aversive or preaversive stimulus. These changes include a decrease in the frequency of many operant performances which might otherwise have occurred under these circumstances if the preaversive stimulus had not occurred. They also include an increase in the frequency of performances which in the past have terminated or reduced the magnitude of the aversive stimulus. The term refers to changes in the frequency of broad classes of behaviors in the individual's repertoire. Because many performances are altered, we speak of anxiety as a state of the organism.
:
Usually, a positive reinforcer, especially one the effectiveness of which lit is modifiable by deprivation.
:
The use of behavior principles and methods to solve practical problems.
:
The attempt to solve behavior problems by providing antecedents and/or consequences that change behavior.
:
A systematic approach to analyzing and changing behavior. The program essentially incorporates the full behavior analysis model (see Figure 1.1). It entails establishment of behavioral objectives; selection and application of valid and reliable measures; regular recording; consistent application of selected procedures based upon principles of behavior; plus an experimental evaluation of results. An applied behavior analysis program sometimes is referred to as a behavior analysis program, behavioral program, or a behavior modification or therapy program.
:
An individual who has demonstrated mastery of the professional competencies involved in assessing behavior and designing, implementing, evaluating, and communicating the results of an applied behavior analysis program.
:
Research directed toward an analysis of the variables that can be effective in improving the behavior under study (Baer et al., 1968). In applied behavior analysis, research involves examining socially important behaviors. Applied research usually is conducted in a natural setting rather than in the laboratory.
:
see MATCHING-TO-SAMPLE
:
A state of readiness for behaving, metaphorically extended from arousal in the colloquial sense of awakening.

Page: (Previous)   1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  ...  213  (Next)