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See REMEMBERING.
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Measurement in which units whose meaning is (a) absolute or fixed, (b) defined independently of what is being measured, and (c) standard across all scientists.
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In identity matching, the researcher presents a sample stimulus (e.g., red) and two options (e.g., red and green). The organism is reinforced for choosing the red option that corresponds to the sample (i.e., matching to sample). See also matching to sample.
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see MATCHING-TO-SAMPLE
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Variability apparent in data that did not actually occur in the subject matter. Can appear as a result of inaccuracies at the stage of observation and recording or during data analysis when graphs are created or the data are subjected to quantitative operations.
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An observer repeats the action that is performed by a model. For example, a
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Behavior that duplicates some properties of the behavior of a model. In-dtation need not involve the matching of stimulus features (e.g., when one child imitates the raised hand of another, the felt position of the child's own limb has different stimulus dimensions than the seen position of the other child's). Ci. HIGHER-ORDER CLASS OF BEHAVIOR.
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The behavior of the imitator is under stimulus control of the behavior of the model and matches the behavior of the model.
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Imitation training consists of three parts: (1) the teacher demonstrates what behavior the learner is to engage in (called the imitative stimulus; (2) the learner is called on to produce a similar behavior Called the imitative behaviors; and (3) the teacher arranges for some type of reinforcement for the imitative behavior. The imitative stimulus is an SD for the imitative behavior.
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Matching the behavior of a model, or engaging in a behavior similar to that observed. 17

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