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M

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The term magazine refers to a mechanical device containing a supply of food which can be delivered in small portions to the organism.
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A mechanical device which makes food, water, etc., available to the organism, usually in reinforcement.
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Establishing an association (in time) between stimuli that precede reinforcement and the reinforcing event. For example, a rat is placed in an operant chamber and a microcomputer periodically turns on the feeder. When the feeder is turned on, it makes a click and a food pellet falls into a cup. Because the click and the appearance of food are associated in time you would, after training, observe a typical rat staying close to the food magazine and quickly moving toward it when the feeder is operated.
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(of the stimulus and the response in a reflex). The magnitude of the stimulus and response has unique importance for the reflex because it is the most important dimension of the reflex. In general, the major effect of reflex conditioning is on the magnitude of the response. In a similar way, the magnitude of the stimulus controls the magnitude of the response very closely. In operant behavior the magnitude as well as the form of the performance is arbitrary and depends upon what performances are selectively reinforced.
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Continuation of the conditions that generated a performance. The analysis of maintained performance, as a subject matter, is different from but not incompatible with that of acquisition (e.g., many experiments concerned with effects of schedule parameters on performance do not really begin until acquisition has been completed). Cf. STEADY-STATE.
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Strategies used to promote the persistence of behaviors under natural environmental conditions, such as alterations in reinforcing contingencies, fading prompts, and teaching self-management.
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See REHEARSAL.
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A reinforcement schedule that maintains a target behavior at a desired rate.
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Intervention procedures that increase the likelihood that changes in a target behavior will persist when the intervention is ended.
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A behavioral program used to teach women effective self-examination of their breasts.

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