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P

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pacing. See DIFFERENTIAL REINFORCEMENT SCHEDULES. (Catania)
:
See differential reinforcement of paced responses.
:
See Treatment.
:
Respondent aggression or attack elicited by an aversive event. The same as respondent aggression.
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A verbal learning procedure in which each of several stimuli (usually verbal) sets the occasion for a different verbal response. The stimulus items are presented repeatedly in varied order until the learner meets some learning criterion.
:
Pairing of a neutral stimulus with a reinforcer or aversive condition.
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A symbolic representation of relations. For example, a three-term contingency in which a response (R) produces a reinforcer (Rf) in the presence of a discriminative stimulus (SD) might be written as. SD-R-Rf. The term paradigm is often incorrectly used as a synonym for procedure.
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A variable that is held constant while some other variable changes. When different values of a parameter are examined, the parameter distinguishes different functions within a family of functions (e.g., a graph of avoidance behavior can show avoidance response rate as a function of either RS interval with SS interval as a parameter or SS interval with RS interval as a parameter).
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Any of a set of physical properties whose values determine the characteristics of a behavior, such as schedule and quantity or quality of reinforcers. Differences in parametric values may influence how rapidly, effectively, safely, constructively, durably, and so on, that a given behavior changes. 23
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Variation of one or more parameters of a variable in an experiment (e.g., the value of a fixed interval schedule of reinforcement).

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